|Abb. 1: Das Verbreitungsgebiet der uralischen Sprachen (Grafik von Maximilian Dörrbecker [Chumwa]) (Wiki)|
"Our results suggest that a new genetic component with strong Siberian affinity first arrived in Europe around 4,000 years ago, as observed in our oldest analysed individuals from northern Russia, and that the gene pool of modern north-eastern Europeans in general, and speakers of Uralic languages in particular, is the result of multiple admixture events between Eastern and Western sources since that first appearance."
"The component is absent in the Karelian hunter-gatherers (EHG) dated to 8,300-7,200 yBP as well as Mesolithic and Neolithic populations from the Baltics from 8,300 yBP and 7,100-5,000 yBP respectively ."
"Such contact is well documented in archaeology, with the introduction of asbestos-mixed Lovozero ceramics during the second millenium BC, and the spread of even-based arrowheads in Lapland from 1,900 BCE. Additionally, the nearest counterparts of Vardøy ceramics, appearing in the area around 1,600-1,300 BCE, can be found on the Taymyr peninsula, much further to the east."
"Finally, the Imiyakhtakhskaya culture from Yakutia spread to the Kola Peninsula during the same period."
"As shown in our analyses, the admixture patterns found in historic and modern Uralic speakers are complex and in fact inconsistent with a single admixture event. Therefore, even if the Siberian genetic component partly spread alongside Uralic languages, it likely presented only an addition to populations carrying this component from earlier."
- Thiseas Christos Lamnidis et. al. (u.a. Svante Pääbo, Wolfgang Haak, Johannes Krause, Stephan Schiffels): Ancient Fennoscandian genomes reveal origin and spread of Siberian ancestry in Europe. 22.3.2018, https://www.biorxiv.org/content/early/2018/03/22/285437